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covid 19

COVID 19

covid 19

Corona-virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a transmittable disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome corona-virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is clear from above statement that Covid-19 is a disease (infectious disease) and the  reason of this disease is recently found Corona-Virus

The first case of Covid-19 or if we say first patient of Covid-19 was identified in December 2019.The infected person was from Wuhan, Hubei, China, and has resulted an ongoing pandemic primary confirmed case has been  traced  back to Revolutionary Organization

Till 11 July 2020, Approximately 12.5 million Patients infected with the deadly virus found across 188 countries and territories, and more than 560,000 patients died because of the corona virus infection.

covid 19
covid 19

According to medical reports approximately 6.890,000 people have recovered.

Symptoms which are commonly found among patients include fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, and loss of smell and taste

While the bulk of cases end in mild symptoms, some reach acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) possibly precipitated by cytokine storm, multi-organ failure, septic shock, and blood clots. The time from exposure to onset of symptoms is usually around five days, but may range from  two to Fourteen days.The virus is primarily spread between people during close contact, most frequently via small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, and talking.

The droplets which contains the Virus normally fall on the  Floor or ground or onto any surfaces instead of  traveling via air over long distances,.

Transfer  of the virus may also occur through Tiny droplets which contains virus (called aerosol) that are able to stay deactivated  in the air for longer periods of time.

Aerosol transfer can occur during some medical treatment or medical procedures and Possibly in crowded indoor spaces that are insufficiently or inadequately ventilated. less often  people may get infection by touching a surface which are contaminated

It is most contagious during the primary three days after the onset of symptoms, although spread is feasible before symptoms appear, and from people that don't show symptoms.

The standard method of diagnosis is by real-time reverse transcription polymer chain reaction (rRT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab.

Chest CT imaging can also be helpful for diagnosis in individuals where there's a high suspicion of infection supported symptoms and risk factors; however, guidelines don't recommend using CT

Recommended measures to stop infection include frequent hand washing, maintaining physical distance from others (especially from those with symptoms), quarantine (especially for those with symptoms), covering coughs, and keeping unwashed hands away from the face. The use of cloth face coverings such as a scarf or a bandana has been recommended by health officials in public settings to minimize the risk of transmissions, with some authorities requiring their use. Health officials also stated that medical-grade face masks, like N95 masks, should only be employed by healthcare workers, first respondent, and those who

There are not any vaccines nor specific antiviral treatments for COVID-19.

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID‑19 outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020 and an epidemic on 11 March 2020.

Symptoms of covid 19

covid 19

covid 19


The symptoms which are most common for COVID-19 patients are increase in Body temperature (Fever), Weariness, or Tiredness fatigue and Dry cough.Other symptoms which are rarely found among the infectious people and may affect them included  

Sensation of Pain

Blocked  or Runny nose(nasal congestion)

Headache

Eye infections (conjunctivitis)

Pharyngitis(sore throat)

Disturbed bowl moment(diarrhea)

Loss of taste or smell

Skin rashes

Discoloration or Obs-curation of fingers or toes.

These symptoms are generally moderate and begin progressive. Some people become infected but only have very less or mild symptoms.

Vast majority (Almost 80%) be well again from the illness or infection  without necessitating  hospital care or Treatment.1 among the 5 infectious people with corona virus turns into serious illness and found difficulty in breathing. People with old age and those who already have any serious medical problems like high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, or cancer, are at higher risk of growing serious illness.

What should be done if observed covid 19 symptoms and when should a person seek medical care?

If a person observes negligible symptoms, like minor cough or a light fever then there is no requirement of medical aid. In that condition just Stay at home, self –isolate and person should observe the symptoms. Person should follow the national guidance on self isolation .but keep in your mind if you are living in an area where malaria or dengue fever be found then it is necessary that you should get proper check up when feel sick or feel temperature in such areas symptoms of fever could not be ignored .

However, anybody can be infectious by Covid-19 and fall seriously ill. I t does not matter you are of what age if you are felling fever ,cough and feel difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath , chest pain or pressure , or loss of speech you should get medical checkup immediately. It is suggested to call the health care facility first, so the infectious person can be taken care by right clinic.

How does covid 19 spread?

People can get infected by Corona virus from other infected person. The virus got spread normally from one individual to another individual through tiny droplets from Mouth and  nose, which got release when a infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. Its been discovered that those droplets are comparatively heavy, they do not travel far and  rapidly fall to the ground. Individuals can get infection if they breathe in those virus containing droplets .That is why it is suggested to stay at least 1 meter away from the others. These infectious droplets can  fall on objected and surfaces near the person such as doorknobs , handrails , and tables and other materials. Person can get infection by touching these things or surfaces or objects, and then touching their eyes , mouth and nose. This is why it is necessary to wash your hands or sanitize your hands regularly 

A research has been continuing by WHO  to find the ways that how Covid-19 got spread

covid 19
Covid 19 precautions

To Follow Respiratory and hand hygiene is very essential at all time. And this is the only possible way to protect others and yourself.

It is suggested to maintain at least 1 meter distance between yourself and others. It should be specially taken care if you are standing near a person who is coughing or sneezing. As some infected person do not show symptoms on early stage of infection or their symptoms may be mild,,

Always wear Proper mask which covers specially Nose and mouth .Sanitize your hands and get it wash properly before you are going to eat anything or going to touch your eyes mount or nose .

Try to avoid eating street food

Include fruits which have vitamin C in your daily diet. And do exercises which increase your lung capacity try to eat food which enhance your immunity. Special care is required for Old age persons and children

Advice for Public

Keep your hand clean and  regularly sensitize your hands with alcohol based sanitizer hand rub or wash and wash your hands properly

Try to follow social distancing guidelines E.g.- maintain distance of 1 meter at least from every one specially from a person who is coughing or sneezing

Do not touch your eyes , nose and mouth without your hand wash properly because person get virus from those sensitive areas only  

If a person specially a person of old age or child feel unwell specially observe above mentioned symptoms seek medical help immediately  

Cover your face with bent elbow whenever you are going to sneeze or cough.

Do not get out from your home till you will not have any emergency or need.Do not visit places where there is gathering or crowd

 

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